The medical specialities involve the management of patients who require care for illnesses and dieseases, but do not necessarily require surgical input.
The surgical specialities involve the diagnosis and management of patients with illnesses requiring surgical procedures, or those preparing to undergo elective surgery.
The acute specialities involve the short-term care of patients recovering from illness or severe injury, often including post-operative patients. The acute specialities do not include long-term care.
Anaesthetics involves providing patients with anaesthetics during surgery, managing those in intensive care units, and working in obstetrics teams. Training can take up to eight years.
General Practice is the treatment and management of patients with minor and chronic illnesses in the community – and the referral of those with more serious conditions to secondary care facilities.
Obs & Gynae
Obstetrics and Gynaecology covers the care of the female reproductive system, as well as the management of pregnancy – although opportunities to subspecialise are available.
Ophthalmology involves the diagnosis and treatment of patients with disorders of the eyes, its surrounding structures and the visual system, visual nervous system, and orbital process.
Paediatrics involves the care of neonates, infants, children, and adolescents. Paediatricians may treat people up to the age of 21, or those who have chronic conditions extending beyond childhood.
Pathology is the study of disease, combining scientific research and trials with medical practice, with an aim to developing new preventative measures.
Public Health is a speciality dedicated to preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting a positive approach to healthcare and well-being across society on both a micro and macro level.
Psychiatry is a speciality involving the diagnosis and treatment of mental abnormalities related to cognition, perception, and changes in mood. It can also involve researching preventative measures.
Radiology involves the use of medical imaging to diagnose diseases within the body. Radiologists will use x-rays. CT scans, MRIs, PET scans, fusion imaging, nuclear medicine, and ultrasound.